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React TypeScript: Leveraging the ‘&’ Operator for Wrapper Component Props

In the world of React and TypeScript, the ‘&’ operator plays a vital role in creating flexible and reusable components. It provides a simple yet powerful way to combine types, enhancing the functionality of your components.

When building a component in React using TypeScript, it’s important to consider how it will be used and reused throughout your application. One way to increase the flexibility of your component is to create a “wrapper” component that can render different elements based on its props.

What is the & intersection Operator?

The & operator in TypeScript is used to create intersection types. An intersection type combines multiple types into one, resulting in a new type that has all the properties of each constituent type. This is particularly useful when you want to merge specific properties from different types.

Benefits of Using the & Operator in Wrapper Components

  1. Type Safety:
    • Ensures correctness by enforcing type safety for the wrapped element’s props.
    • Prevents common mistakes during component usage.
  2. Flexibility:
    • Enables high flexibility, allowing customization of both the wrapper and the wrapped element.
    • Adaptable to various scenarios without compromising type safety.
  3. Code Maintainability:
    • Clearly defines the contract of the wrapper component using intersection types.
    • Enhances code maintainability by providing a concise and understandable prop structure.

Use Case of & operator: Wrapper Components in React

In React, it is often necessary to create a wrapper component that adds extra functionality or styling to a specific HTML element. This is where Wrapper Components come in handy. They allow you to create a versatile component that can accept its own custom props as well as the props of the wrapped HTML element.

For example, suppose you want to create an Input component that wraps an HTML input element, and you want to allow customization of the label, ID, and other common input element props. You can achieve this by using the & operator.

The & operator is used to combine the props of the wrapper component with the props of the wrapped HTML element. This allows you to pass down any custom props to the wrapper component, while still maintaining the functionality of the wrapped HTML element.

By utilizing Wrapper Components in React, you can create powerful and customizable components that can be reused throughout your application. With a little bit of practice, you can easily create your own Wrapper Components and take your React skills to the next level.

Let’s explore how you can use the ‘&’ operator for wrapper component props, using the example of an Input component.

import React, { ComponentPropsWithoutRef } from 'react';

type InputProps = {
  label: string;
  id: string;
} & ComponentPropsWithoutRef<'input'>;

const Input: React.FC<InputProps> = ({ label, id, ...props }) => {
  return (
      <label htmlFor={id}>{label}</label>
      <input id={id} {...props} />

In this code snippet, we define the InputProps type for our Input component. It includes two custom properties: label and id which are not native properties of HTML input element. Additionally, we want our Input component to accept all the standard properties that an HTML input element can have. To achieve this, we use the ‘&’ operator to combine InputProps with ComponentPropsWithoutRef<'input'>. The ComponentPropsWithoutRef utility type from React provides us with the props of a built-in HTML element without the ref prop.

By spreading the ...props onto the input element, we pass all the additional props that are valid for an HTML input element. These props can include attributes like type, placeholder, onChange, and more. The ref prop is also automatically handled by TypeScript.

With this implementation, the Input component can be used as follows:

<Input label="Name" id="name" type="text" placeholder="Enter your name" />

React TypeScript: Leveraging the ‘&’ Operator for Wrapper Component Props

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